Using VANET for Monitoring CO2 Emissions: a Case Study of Roads M1 and A4

Work by an MSc Student

Using VANET for Monitoring CO2 Emissions: a Case Study of Roads M1 and A45
Balasem Al-Isawi 

Vehicular ad-hoc networks is an emerging technology from mobile ad-hoc networks, where vehicles serves as the mobile node. The number of vehicles is increasing by the hour and also the amount of emitted gasses from these vehicles into the environment. From this arise a need to control vehicles’ emissions and monitor these gases. This research tries to build a model to monitor CO2 emissions by using VANET communications between vehicles and roadside units (vehicle-to-infrastructure). The purpose of this model is to study the correlation between vehicles’ speed and acceleration on one side and traffic flow density on the other. The simulations used two roads in Northampton as a case study. 

The conduction of this research was guided by four main objectives. First to select a suitable mathematical emission model for the case study area. Then by running a series of simulations concluded a relation between speed and acceleration and CO2 emission levels. Also from the same simulations derive another relation between traffic flow densities and CO2 emission. The last objective is to observe the contribution of EU regulations regarding vehicles emissions reduction. 
Research findings conclude that driving behaviors can reduce CO2 emissions. The desired behavior is short acceleration time and fluent traffic flow. For the EU regulations the research noted that these regulations help with the reduction of CO2 emissions.

Supervisor: Dr Ali Al-Sherbaz

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