Examples of some now historic work done at the University of Northampton looking at counting behaviours in historic data. In these studies looking at historic census data where the data was taken in the church on a particular sunday - was estimation occurring?
‘BASE-NUMBER CORRELATION’: A NEW TECHNIQUE
FOR INVESTIGATING DIGIT PREFERENCE AND DATA HEAPING
History and Computing. Volume 13, Page 161-179 DOI 10.3366/hac.2001.13.2.161, ISSN 1753-8548,
Turner SJ, Triastuti E, Crockett RGM, Picton PD, Crockett AC (2002) Intelligent Techniques for Detecting Estimated and Falsified Numerical Data Proc. 6th Conference of the Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics (SCI'2002) Orlando, Florida USA, July 14-18 2002 pp. 445-450, IIIS, Eds. Callaos N, Leng T, Sanchez B, ISBN 980-07-8150-1.
Turner SJ, Crockett RM, Picton PD, Triastuti E (2001) Genetic Algorithms for Simulating Counting Behaviour 19th Biennial Conference on Numerical Analysis Dundee.